(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Rapid Population Growth Consequences And Policy Implications"

TABLE 2
Population Densities in Certain Developed and Less Developed Countries
			Density	Density on
Population	Total	Cultivated	on Total	Cultivated
1965	Area	Area	Area	Land
Millions
Millions of Hectares
Persons/Hectare
LESS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
People's Republic of China    730             956             145               0.7                  5
India                                    483             304             162               1.6                  3
Pakistan                                115               95               29               1.2                 4
Indonesia                              105             149               18               0.7                  5.8
Philippines                              32               30               11               1.1                  2.9
Thailand                                 31               51                10              0.6                  3.1
Republic of China (Taiwan)     12                3.6              1               3.3                12
Ceylon                                    11                 6.6              2               1.7                 5.5
Ghana                                      8               24                 5               0.3                  1.6
Madagascar                               6               59                 3               0.1                  2
Tanzania                                 11               94                 9               0.1                  1.2
United Arab Republic             30             100                 3               0.3                10
Mexico                                   41             197               11               0.2                  3.7
Brazil                                     81             851                19               0.1                  4.3
Colombia                                16             114                 5               0.1                  3.2
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
Soviet Union	234	2240	230	0.1	1
United States	195	936	185	0.2	1
Japan	98	37	6	2.7	16.3
France	49	55	21	0.9	2.2
West Germany	57	25	8	2.3	7.1
United Kingdom	54	24	7	2.2	7.7
Sources: (col. 1) Population Reference Bureau Data Sheet. Washington, D.C., December 1965; (col. 2) United Nations Demographic Yearbook, 1965. New York, 1966; (cols. 3,5) United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization, Production Yearbook, Vol. 23, 1969. Rome, 1969. Col. 4 calculated from cols. 1 and 2.
desired. One reason is probably the high infant and child mortality in the less developed countries. Out of five or six live births, the probabilities are high that one or two children will die. For any individual family there is a large degree of uncertainty about the survival of their children. The excess children over the number desired can be thought of as a kind of insurance against this uncertainty. Moreover, though infant and child mortalities have been reduced in the last few years, people still remember the past high death rates for children. For example, in the Matlab region in East Pakistan, the average woman 45 vears old has given hirth to 7.6 children: ?,.6 or 34 nercenr. of